Study of Romans 11:25-36

The Mystery of Israel’s Salvation

Rom 11:25  For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery—so that you will not be wise in your own estimation—that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; 
Rom 11:26  and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “THE DELIVERER WILL COME FROM ZION, HE WILL REMOVE UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB.” 
Rom 11:27  “THIS IS MY COVENANT WITH THEM, WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS.” 
Rom 11:28  From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God’s choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers; 
Rom 11:29  for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 
Rom 11:30  For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience, 
Rom 11:31  so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy. 
Rom 11:32  For God has shut up all in disobedience so that He may show mercy to all. 
Rom 11:33  Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! 
Rom 11:34  For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, OR WHO BECAME HIS COUNSELOR? 
Rom 11:35  Or WHO HAS FIRST GIVEN TO HIM THAT IT MIGHT BE PAID BACK TO HIM AGAIN? 
Rom 11:36  For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen. 

v25 – The word “mystery” means properly what is “concealed, hidden, or unknown.” And it especially refers, in the New Testament, to the truths or doctrines which God had reserved to himself or had not before communicated.

Paul communicated the truth in regard to this, lest they should attempt to inquire into it; should speculate about the reason why God had rejected the Jews; and should he happy with the belief that they had, by their own skill and genius, ascertained the cause. Rather than leave them to vain speculations and self-gratulation, he chose to cut short all inquiry, by stating the truth about, their present and future state.

vs26-27 – This speaks of the nation of Israel, not all individuals. “I say then, God has not rejected His people, has He? May it never be! For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel? Lord, THEY HAVE KILLED YOUR PROPHETS, THEY HAVE TORN DOWN YOUR ALTARS, AND I ALONE AM LEFT, AND THEY ARE SEEKING MY LIFE. But what is the divine response to him? “I HAVE KEPT for Myself SEVEN THOUSAND MEN WHO HAVE NOT BOWED THE KNEE TO BAAL. In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a remnant according to God’s gracious choice. But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.” Romans 11:1-6

v28 – The unbelieving Jews, with regard to the Gospel which they have rejected, are at present enemies to God, and aliens from his kingdom, under his Son Jesus Christ, on account of that extensive grace which has overturned their peculiarity, by admitting the Gentiles into his Church and family: but with regard to the original purpose of election, whereby they were chosen and separated from all the people of the earth to be the peculiar people of God, they are beloved for the fathers’ sake; he has still favor in store for them on account of their forefathers the patriarchs. that is, they are regarded and treated as enemies (in a state of exclusion through unbelief, from the family of God) for the benefit of you Gentiles;

vs29-36 – This is essentially a summation of what has been discussed. The gifts and callings of God are irrevocable. These are the favors / benefits as well as His calling on our lives. Just as we were disobedient and now, due to His grace, have been shown mercy. The same is for the Jews. He has shut up all into disobedience so He can show us all mercy. How merciful is our God. Who has known what is in His mind, or who has counseled Him on issues? Who has He ever been repaid by God for something we have given Him? And as the final verse says, “For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.” Romans 11:36.

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